Why physical therapy is important: a fracture or dislocation is resulted from excessive force being applied to the area. This can cause a complete or incomplete break in the bone. However, a dislocation results from a bone that becomes disconnected and separated from another bone. Fractures and dislocations can be very painful and limit your total range of motion.
How Physiotherapy Can Help?
1. Minimize and Manage Pain
Experiencing a bone fracture can be extremely painful and distressing. With the surrounding muscles in pain with a limited range of motion, it can often be difficult to cope with. A physiotherapist can help and manage the pain by utilizing pain relief modalities. Some of these modalities may include heat therapy, traction or even a low-level laser therapy (LLLT). Your physiotherapist will decide based on your required needs and the level of the fracture or dislocation.
2. Improve Muscle Strength
It is common for your muscles to become weak and limp due to the inactivity after a fracture. When your fracture is in a cast you are unable to move or exercise the muscles for several weeks. Physiotherapy is highly effective post injury as it includes several activities and therapies that allow you improve your muscle strength and stability. A form of this includes manual therapy, which will allow you recover back to normal.
3. Strengthen Muscles
The surrounding muscles and tissue may have also suffered damage during the fracture or dislocation. To combat this muscle and tissue weakness, your physiotherapist will utilize different therapies and exercises. Some of which, include stability muscle exercises and dynamic strengthening exercises. These will help strengthen the surrounding muscles and joints to effectively improve recovery.
4. Increase Range of Motion
After your fracture or dislocation, you may notice that your range of motion is severely minimized. This is very common as your joints and bones have been impacted and are not functioning to their fullest capabilities. Your physiotherapist will help you increase your range of motion by introducing you to several passive range and active assistance exercises. These will help ease the tension in your muscles and joints, which will increase your overall range of motion.